Abnormal bleeding

Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding Treatment in Jumeirah, Dubai

Many women experience abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting between periods sometime in their lives. Vaginal bleeding is considered to be abnormal if it occurs: When you are not expecting your menstrual period. When your menstrual flow is lighter or heavier than what is normal for you.

Prolonged heavy menstrual bleeding is referred to as menorrhagia. It is increased blood loss through the vagina.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of abnormal menstrual bleeding may include:

  • Soaking a pad or more in an hour or less, consecutively.
  • Using double sanitary pads to ensure it does not leak
  • Changing pads through the night
  • Bleeding for more than a week
  • Blood clots passage which are more than a quarter
  • Restriction of activities of daily living
  • Anemia symptoms such as fatigue and tiredness

These signs and symptoms are usually enough to tell most women that they’ve started the abnormal menstrual bleeding.

Seek an immediate treatment for abnormal menstrual bleeding if you experience the above symptoms.

Causes of abnormal menstrual bleeding

There are several reasons that could lead to abnormal menstrual bleeding in women:

Unknown causes:  In some cases, the cause of menorrhagia is unknown.

Hormone imbalance: Hormones need to regulate the menstrual cycle ensuring the uterine lining does not over build up. Estrogen and progesterone are tasked with regulation of uterine growth. Uncontrolled hormone builds up leads to excessive shedding which in turn leads to an increased bleeding. Conditions leading to hormonal imbalance include thyroid issues, polycystic ovarian syndrome and obesity.

Dysfunctional ovaries: Anovulation is the lack of release of an ovum by an ovary which leads to progesterone absence creating hormonal imbalance hence menorrhagia.

Uterine fibroids: They are benign non-cancerous growths in the uterine layer which increases bleeding from the uterus.

Polyps: They are benign growths in the uterus leading to an increased menstrual period.

Adenomyosis: Endometrial gland tissues get to the uterine muscles leading to increased menstrual flow and pain.

Intrauterine device: Non-hormonal IUD side effect is menorrhagia

Pregnancy complications: A low-lying placenta can lead to bleeding. Heavy, single and late period may be a miscarriage

Cancer: Uterine cancer or cervical cancers are accompanied by excess bleeding

Inherited bleeding conditions: An example of condition is Von Willebrand’s disease, which is a defect of clotting factors, hence increasing bleeding.

Medications: Some medications increase bleeding such as anti-inflammatory drugs.

What You Can Do

If you are experiencing abnormal menstrual bleeding, then you should:

  • Take history and note the length of menstrual cycle and the number of pads used per day.
  • Note down key personal information, including any recent changes or stressors in your life.
  • Take note of any symptoms you’re experiencing
  • In case of excessive bleeding seek help from your physician

What We Can Do

We offer a comprehensive treatment for women suffering from abnormal menstrual bleeding at our clinic in Dubai.

  • Take blood tests to test for anemia, thyroid disorders and blood clotting disorders.
  • Pap smear to determine the state of the cervix
  • Take a biopsy of the endometrial tissue
  • Ultrasound to view the organs
  • Hysteroscopy to visualize the uterus
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain and reduce menstrual blood flow
  • Tranexamic acid to reduce menstrual blood
  • Oral contraceptives to regulate menstrual blood.
  • Oral progesterone to counter hormonal imbalance
  • Hormonal IUD to regulate the shedding of the uterine lining
  • Dilatation and curettage to treat active bleeding
  • Uterine artery embolization to shrink the fibroids
  • Focused ultrasound therapy to shrink fibroids
  • Myomectomy is the surgical removal of fibroids
  • Endometrial ablation is the destroying of the uterus lining using heat or radiofrequency
  • Endometrial resection is the use of electrosurgical wire loop to scrap off the uterus lining
  • Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus

To learn about the treatments that can help with heavy menstrual & abnormal menstrual bleeding problems, contact our gynaecologist at SHAMMA Clinic in Jumeirah, Dubai today.

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